Many different reasons can cause a microphone to malfunction. Some of the causes can be diagnosed with the right guide. However, some can be a little bit technical and would need the assistance of a professional.
Here, we will look at the key reasons that make the microphone not working windows 10 and what you can do to solve the issue.
Causes of microphone Malfunctioning
Before looking at the step by step process of troubleshooting each cause, there is the general troubleshooting that you can consider.
General Windows 10 troubleshooting procedure
- Navigate to the control panel by either right-clicking on the desktop and click the personalize button, settings or by typing control panel on the search bar at the bottom left of your screen
- In settings, type troubleshooting
- Click troubleshooting
- Another window will open and then click the Troubleshoot audio.
- Windows will try to resolve any issues with your audio devices. If not, you can follow the below guide.
Apart from a damaged accessory, other reasons can cause the mic to malfunction. We will look at threeof the most common causes of mic malfunctions.
- Wrong mic configurations and Corrupted device driver
- Faulty hardwareand connection issues
- Incompatibility issues
1. Wrong mic configurations
When we talk of the “wrong configuration,” it could even mean wrong volume adjustment. So, the easiest way to check the configuration setting is by following several steps.
- Navigate to the settings window
- Click the Privacy button
- Click Microphone
- Check whether everything configured correctly. Select which apps should use the microphone
- If the microphone is set OFF, change it to ON
The other thing that you should check if you are using an external device is whether it is not set as the default device.
- On the bottom right corner of your screen, right-click the volume icon.
- Click recording devices
- You will see the microphone under the recording tab.
- Click your preferred device once among the list.
- Set it as the default device. You can even configure it if you like. Under configurations, you can change the Start speech recognition, open the speech reference card, or even set up the microphone.
Checking the volume configurations
- Click recording devicesafter right-clicking the volume icon on the taskbar.
- Select your mic and click properties
- Another window will open with different commands.
- Click Levels (Microphone Array and Microphone Boost)
- Adjust the volume and set it correctly
Confirming the settings from the sound settings window
- Navigate to the”settings” from the windows search bar
- Go to sound settings.
- Confirm whether both your output (speaker) and input (mic) devices are configured correctly
- If they are not, configure them and test
2. Incompatibility issues
Hardware incompatibility issues can be a real headache. If you have recently purchased an external device and connected it via the USB ports, check to see whether the drivers have been installed correctly.
How to check. Navigate to the Device Manager, click Audio inputs and outputs, right-click the device and select properties. You can alternatively choose the Scan for hardware changes.
Under properties, a pop-up window will show you willwhether the device is working correctly or not.If it is not, you can update the driver and confirm whether there is a difference in performance.
When updating your device driver, carefully follow the steps requires for successful results.
Disclaimer. Some devices are not compatible with Windows 10. So, you should first confirm with the external accessory if it is compatible with Windows 10 or not.
3. Faulty hardware and connection issues
If you are using an external microphone, it can at times malfunction. So, there are crucial steps to help you solve the issue.
Check and confirm whether the jack pin connectors are in their correct position as shown below.
If the connection is correct, you should physically check whether the cables are broken or damaged. A damaged or broken cable will often not perform well.
Other troubleshooting guides can include;
- Uninstalling the microphone’s device driver under computer manager and installing it again.
- A simple reboot could get the device working again. Restart your computer if you notice that the microphone had suddenly stopped working.
- Restore your microphone’s settings to its default settings under the sound settings window
- On most advanced computers, there is the microphone button on the button. If it is OFF, press the function key and see if the issue is fixed.